Skip to main content

The Alpine Convention – an international agreement with widespread dimensions

Birgit Dette

elni Review 2008, Issue 1,  pp. 39-49. https://doi.org/10.46850/elni.2008.007

The Alps are experiencing a dynamic development in different areas, such as economy, social development or cross-alpine traffic and at the same time are facing environmental changes that impair the living conditions of people as well as of its flora and fauna. It is therefore important that through the Alpine Convention an international treaty has been agreed upon for the protection of the Alps with an integrative approach, embracing ecological, economic and social aspects. This article provides an overview of the objectives and content of the Alpine Convention. It also takes a look at its genesis and implementation as well as the different stakeholders that are involved therein. The article further examines the specific characteristics of the Alpine Convention such as its mechanisms for dispute resolution and its aspects of public participation. In this context a parallel is drawn to the Aarhus Convention which is likewise an NGO-driven international Convention.

Access full article

References

  1. Alpine Convention.
  2. W. Schroeder, „Die Alpenkonvention – Inhalt und Konsequenzen für das nationale Umweltrecht“, NUR 2006. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10357-006-0908-0.
  3. Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora, OJ 1992 L 206/7.
  4. Council Regulation (EEC) No 1973/92 of 21 May 1992 establishing a financial instrument for the environment (LIFE), OJ 1992 L 206/1.
  5. M. Onida “Protection of mountain areas and Community environmental law” in “Sustainable development of mountain areas – Legal perspectives beyond Rio and Johannesburg”, eds. T. Treves, L. Pineschi, A, Fodella, Milan 2004, pp. 263-271.
  6. Press release of 15th January 2008 by Sepp Kusstatscher, Member of the European Parliament for the Green Party.
  7. A. Goetz, “The Alpine Convention as an Example of the Role of Non Governmental Organisations (NGOs) in the Adoption of an International Agreement”.
  8. K. Brady, New Convention on Access to Information and Public Participation in Environmental Matters, Environmental Policy and Law (1998) 28/2, pp. 69 - 75.
  9. Aarhus Convention.
  10. Espoo Convention.
  11. Minutes of the Decisions of the VIth Alpine Conference on 31st October 2000 in Lucerne/Switzerland.
  12. I. Papanicolopulu “The Secretariat of the Alpine Convention”.
  13. B. Dette “Access to justice in environmental matters – a fundamental democratic right” in M. Onida (ed.) “Europe and the environment – legal essays in honour of Ludwig Krämer” (Groningen 2004) p. 5.
  14. B. Dette, “Access to Justice in Environmental Matters – the Aarhus Convention and Legislative Measures for its Implementation” in Environmental Law and Policy at the turn to the 21st Century, (Berlin 2006) p. 63.
  15. „Mechanismus zur Überprüfung der Alpenkonvention und ihrer Durchführungsprotokolle“ in Alpenkonvention – Nachschlagewerk Alpensignale 1, p. 210, Publication of the Permanent Secretariat of the Alpine Convention, Innsbruck 2003.
  16. The Multi-Annual Work Programme of the Alpine Convention 2005 – 2010 (MAP).
  17. Report on the State of the Alps - Alpine Signals Special edition 1 on “Transport and Mobility in the Alps”, published by the Permanent Secretariat, Innsbruck, 2007.
  18. Publication by the Austrian Ministry for life and the Alpine Convention, Vienna 2006.
  19. Memorandum of Understanding for the Cooperation between the Alpine Convention and the Carpathian Convention.
  20. Convention on the Protection of the Alps (Alpine Convention) of 7 November 1991 by a law of 29 September 1994 (Federal Law Gazette 1994 II, p. 2538).
  21. Streintz, Art. 59 number 65, p. 1384 in Sachs, Grundgesetz Kommentar, 3rd edition, Munic 2003.
  22. “Die Umsetzung der Alpenkonvention in Bayern” in „Alpenkonvention konkret, - Ziele und Umsetzung Alpensignale 3. Alpien Convention, Innsbruck 2004.
  23. “The Alpine Convention – Handbook for its Implementation”, Publication by the Austrian Ministry for environment and the Alpine Secretariat, 2007.