Skip to main content

Chinese e-waste legislation, current status and future development

Martin Streicher-Porte, Katharina Kummer, Xinwen Chi, Stefan Denzler and Xuejun Wang

elni Review 2010, Issue 1,  pp. 7-17. https://doi.org/10.46850/elni.2010.002

Recently, several environmental laws and regulations concerning both waste of electrical and electronic equipment (WEEE) as well as the production of electrical and electronic equipment (EEE) have been enacted. Some of them have been implemented, whilst others are in the process of implementation or revision - both in Europe and China. As the production of EEE and the treatment of WEEE are globalised, legislation of both has moved away from being an isolated ‘European phenomena’.
This paper gives a short introduction to relevant legislative processes in China and Europe and establishes differences between their current characteristics in terms of EEE and WEEE. It analyses in detail the Chinese EEE and WEEE related laws and regulations and compares the most prominent texts and their impact on producers and consumers. To conclude the technical draft of a Chinese National E-waste Law developed under the Swiss e-waste programme 'Knowledge Partnerships in e-Waste Recycling' is presented.

Access full article

References

  1. DaeYoung Park, ‘Myths, Misunderstanding, Miscommunication and Mistakes: An In-Depth Analysis of Facts Concerning Product-Related Environmental Regulations on Electrical and Electronic Equipment in China, Japan and Korea’, SSRN eLibrary, 2006.
  2. Chao Xi, ‘Transforming Chinese Enterprises: Ideology, Efficiency and Instrumentalism in the Process of Reform’, in Asian Socialism and legal change: the dynamics of vietnamese renewal and chinese reform, John Gillespie, Pip Nicholson, eds. (Canberra: Asia Pacific Press, 2005). DOI: https://doi.org/10.26530/oapen_458803.
  3. Dan Guttman and Yaqin Song, ‘Making central-local relations work: Comparing America and China environmental governance systems’, Frontiers of Environmental Science & Engineering in China, 1 (2007), 418-433. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11783-007-0068-3.
  4. Deepali Sinha-Khetriwal and others, ‘Legislating e-waste management: progress from various countries’, Environmental Law Network International, elni Review, 1 2/06 (2006), 27-36. DOI: https://doi.org/10.46850/elni.2006.006.
  5. UNU, 2008 Review of Directive 2002/96 on Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) (Authors: Huisman, Jaco, Delgado, Clara, Magalini, Federico, Kuehr, Ruediger, Maurer, Claudia, Artim, Eniko, Szlezak, Josef, Ogilvie, Steve, Poll, Jim, Stevels, Ab. Participating organisations: United Nations University [UNU], Gaiker, Regional Environmental Centre for Central and Eastern Europe, AEA Technology (AEA), Delft University of Technology [TUD], 2007).
  6. Council Directive 93/42/EEC of 14 June 1993 concerning medical devices, OJ 1993 L 179/1.
  7. Directive 98/79/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 27 October 1998 on in vitro diagnostic medical devices; OJ 1998 L 331/1.
  8. Measures for Administration of the Pollution Control of Electronic Information Products, 9 May 2006.
  9. AeA, ‘Electronic Information Products Classification and Explanations’.
  10. Regulation (EC) No 765/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 9 July 2008 setting out the requirements for accreditation and market surveillance relating to the marketing of products and repealing Regulation (EEC) No 339/93, OJ 2008 L 218/30.
  11. SJ/T 11365-2006: Testing methods for hazardous substances in electronic information products.
  12. Directive 2005/32/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 6 July 2005 establishing a framework for the setting of ecodesign requirements for energy-using products and amending Council Directive 92/42/EEC and Directives 96/57/EC and 2000/55/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, OJ 2005 L 191/29.
  13. Decision No 768/2008/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 9 July 2008 on a common framework for the marketing of products, OJ 2008 L 218/82.
  14. Directive 2008/98/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 19 November 2008 on waste and repealing certain Directives, OJ 2008 L 312/3.
  15. SJ/T 11363-2006: Requirements for concentration limits for certain hazardous substances in electronic information products.
  16. SJ/T11364—2006: Marking for control of pollution caused by electronic information products.